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Banana Fibre extraction and weaving – Research paper


Banana fibre is eco friendly like jute fibre. The technology of banana fibre extraction has been developed in South India where in a good number of banana fibre extraction units have been running very successfully. Some firms are exporting the banana fibre products.

Banana growing states of N.E.Region has adopted the technology from South and started production of banana fibre and fabric.


The banana fibre is being used for weaving attractive pieces of clothes, rugs, sarees etc. Besides, it is also being used to produce a variety of items such as hats, photo frames, trinket boxes, gift bags, picture frames, hand bags, belts, baskets and sandals etc.

Dresses woven out of natural fibres are in great demand inside and outside India.

Capacity utilization : 70%
Average daily production envisaged : 10 Kg cloth.
Working days/year :  25 days in a month and 300 days in a year.
Annual production :
Door Mat : 1000 Nos.
Floor covering : 1000 Nos.
Screen : 1600 Mt.
Durry : 1500 Nos.



The main raw material for the unit is banana tree which is abundantly available in the State of Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

1. Cost of Banana Stem : 1.40 lakhs
2. Misc. items : 0.20 lakhs

Total : 1.60 lakhs.

SUGGESTED LOCATION :Banana growing areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh.



Banana Fibre Processing and Weaving :

The extraction of the natural fibre from the plant required certain care to avoid damage. In the present experiments, initially the banana plant sections were cut from the main stem of the plant and then rolled lightly to remove the excess moisture. Impurities in the rolled fibres such as pigments, broken fibres, coating of cellulose etc. were removed manually by menas of comb, and then the fibres were cleaned and dried

This mechanical and manual extraction of banana fibres was tedious, time consuming, and caused damage to the fibre. Consequently, this type of technique cannot be recommended for industrial application. A special machine was designed and developed for the extraction of banana fibres in a mechanically automated manner. It consisted mainly of two horizontal beams whereby a carriage with an attached and specially designed comb, could move back and forth. The fibre extraction using this technique could be performed simply by placing a cleaned part of the banana stem on the fixed platform of the machine, and clamped at the ends by jaws. This eliminated relative movement of the stem and avoided premature breakage of the fibres. This was followed by cleaning and drying of the fibres in a chamber at 20oC for three hours. This fibres were then labeled and ready for lamination process. After extraction of fibre, weaving is done in the looms as per normal process like any other material.


The major equipment required are :

Sl.No. Particulars Nos.
1. Banana fibre extractor 2
2. Loom complete with all accessories 4
3. Bobbin circle 1
4. Charkha 1
5. Bobbin 100
6. Pirn 100
7. Shuttle 8
8. Misc. items L.S.


The major infrastructural requirement are :

Covered area : 1200 Sq.ft.
Power : 5 KW.



The total capital requirement including fixed capital and working capital is estimated at Rs.1.70 lakhs as follows. Of this, the project cost comprising fixed capital and margin money on working capital is Rs.1.55 lakhs.

(Rs. In lakh)
A Fixed Capital :
Land and Building Own
Plant and Machinery 0.90
Misc. fixed assets. 0.30
Preliminary & Pre-op. Expenses: 0.10
Total(A) : 1.30
B. Working Capital :
Raw materials & Packing materials 15 days 0.09
Finished goods 15 days 0.20
Working Expenses 1 month 0.16
Receivables 15 days. 0.25
Total (B) : 0.70
Total(A) + (B) : 1.70


Note : Working capital may be financed as :
Bank Finance (65%) Rs. 0.45 lakh
Margin Money (35%) Rs. 0.25 lakh.
Total : Rs. 0.70 lakh.
C. Capital Cost of Projec
Fixed Cost : Rs. 1.30 lakh
Margin Money for Working Capital. : Rs. 1.25 lakh
Total : Rs. 1.55 lakh.
Promoter’s contribution (35%) : 0.55 lakh
Term Loan (65%) : 1.00 lakh.
Total : 1.55 lakh

The annual operating expenses are estimated at Rs 4.99 lakhs as given below :

(Rs. in lakhs)

1. Raw materials : 1.60
2. Packing materials. : 0.20
3. Utilities : 0.40
4. Wages & Salaries : 1.50
5. Rent, Insurance etc. : 0.30
6. Other overheads. : 0.35
8. Selling expenses @ 5% on annual
Sales. : 0.33
8. Interest on term loan @ 12.50% : 0.13


  1. Interest on bank finance
for working capital @11%. : 0.05
10. Depreciation 10% on M/c. : 0.13
Total : 4.99
Sl. Items Qnty. Rates(Rs) Value (Rs)
1. Door Mat (13’ x 22’) 1000 Nos. 60/- 0.60
2. Floor Covering (4’ x 6’) 1000 Nos. 300/- 3.00
3. Screen 1600 Nos. 50/- 0.80
4. Durry (2.5’ x 5.0’) 1500 Nos. 150/- 2,25
Total 6.65


Based on the sales realization of Rs 6.65 lakhs and the operating expenses of Rs 4.99 lakhs, the profit at rated capacity utilization would be Rs 1.66 lakhs per year. This works out to be return on investment of 98%. The unit will break even at about 31% of the targeted annual production.


The major highlights of the project are as follows :

Total capital requirement Rs. 1.70 lakhs.
Promoter’s contribution Rs. 0.55 lakhs.
Annual Sales realization Rs. 6.65 lakhs.
Annual operating expenses Rs. 4.99 lakhs.
Annual Profit (Pre-tax) Rs. 1.66 lakhs.
Pre-tax return on sales 25%.
Break-Even Point. 31%.
No. of persons employed. 8 Nos.



Addresses of Machinery and Raw Material Suppliers :

Supplier of Banana Fibre Extractor :

M/s Andhra Pradesh Agro-Industries Dev. Corporation,


Looms and other accessories are available in the local market.

Source- Sidbi

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