Azadirachtin derived from neem (Azadirachta indica)
Based on the neem isolates (bitters, oil and cake), industry can developed following products:-
- Neem oil/bitters based pesticides
- Neem Coated Urea
- Neem Cold/Vanishing/Shaving Creams
- Neem Face Pack
- Neem Soap
- Neem Mouthwash
- Neem Herbal Phenyl
The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural products for Integrated pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes.
The production of azadirachtin is carried out from the kernels of the neem seeds (Azadrachta indica). A number of other plants for e.g. Melia azadrachta (Meeta Neem) also yields the crude insecticidal. It grows in the areas with sufficient rainfall (800-1200 mm per year), neem can regenerate naturally from the seeds upto 15-20 days of their ripening and detachment from the plants.
Bollworms, Aphids, Jassids, Thrips, Whitefly, Leaf folder, Pod borer, Fruit borer, Leaf hopper, Diamond backmoth.
Cotton, Rice, Pigeonpea, Chickpea, Safflower, Okra, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato.
Mode of action:
Act as repellant and anti-feedant. Neem seed contains certain chemicals (azadirachtin, sulpher, toluene and fatty acids) which inhibits the population of insect pests.
When artificial reproduction is intended, fresh neem seeds should be planted during the rainy season as soon as possible ripening, as they lose their germination capacity under natural conditions with a few weeks, or at the latest 3-4 months.
|ACHOOK||0.5% Azadiradione, Nimbocinol and Epinimbocinol|
|APHIDIN||Soapy humus extract|
|FIELD MARSHAL||0.3% EC Azadirachtin|
|FORTUNA AZA||0.15% Azadirachtin|
|JAI NEEM||0.03% Azadirachtin|
|JEEVAN CROP PROTECTOR||0.05% Azadirachtin|
|LIMONOOL||75% EC (0.03%) Azadirachtin|
|MARGOCIDECK||20% EC(Azadirachtin 0.15% w/w)|
|Margosan-o||80% EC Azadirachtin|
|NEEM GUARD||0.03% Azadirachtin|
|NEEM RICH||0.03% Azadirachtin|
|NEEMOX||80% EC Azadirachtin|
|NEETHRIN||Oil 0.03% Azadirachtin|
|NIMBA||Wettable Powder 0.15% Azadirachtin|
|NEEM BASE||20%EC 20 WDP Azadirachtin|
|NEEM HIT||0.15% Azadirachtin|
|NEEM OIL||0.03% EC Azadirachtin|
|NEEM PLUS||0.15% Azadirachtin|
|NEEM TOP||0.03% Azadirachtin|
|NEEM OIL||2% Azadirachtin|
|NEEMAX||Seed Powder 300 ppm (Azadirachtin)|
|NEEMBO BAS||0.03% Azadirachtin|
|NEEMBO BAS||0.15% Azadirachtin|
|NIMBITOR (ZA-199)||0.03% Azadirachtin|
|REPLIN 555||93% EC Azadirachtin|
|RD-9 REPELIN||100% EC Azadirachtin, Pongamia, Anona|
|SHAKTIMAN||0.03% Azadirachtin, Nimbim|
|SUKRINA||0.03% Azadirachtin, Meliontrial|
|TRIC||Oil, 0.03% Azadirachtin|
Neem seed contains certain chemicals which inhibit germination if used in excess, hence it is recommended to use correct dose. In case of home made/crude preparations it is advisable to use freshly prepared 5% aqueous solution (NSKE) as spray on affected/target portions.
When artificial reproduction is intended, fresh neem seeds should be planted during the rainy season as soon as possible ripening, as they lose their germination capacity under natural conditions with a few weeks, or at the latest 3-4 months. When kept in a refrigerator, their viability lasts for several months longer, and when stores in a cold room (4oc, 30% r.h.), after careful drying, longer than 5 years.
- S.S. Narwal, Patric, Tauro and S.S. Bisla in Neem in Sustainable Agriculture, pp. 8, 1997, Scientific Publishers
- .I. Joarder, A.T.M. Naderuzzaman, R. Islam, M. Hossain, N. Joarder and B.K. Biswas. 1996. Micropropagation of Neem through
- Axillary Bad Culture. In: Neem and Environment Vol. II. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 961-966.
- M.S. Joashi and S.R. Thengane. 1996. Potential Application of in vitro methods for propogation of neem (Azadirachta indica). In:
- Neem and Environment Vol. II. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 967-973.
- Narayan G. Hedge, 1996. Improving the productivity of neem trees. In: Neem and Environment Vol. I. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 69-79).
- Ramesh, K. and M.A. Padhya, 1987. Prospects of tissue culture studies on neem. Neem Newsletter 4:5-27;
- K. Ramesh and M.A. Padhya. 1996. De novo synthesis of secondary metabolities in cultured cells of neem. In: Neem and
- Environment Vol. I. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 173-184).