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Neem based small scale industries- Ideas

NOMENCLATURE:

Approved Name:

Azadirachtin derived from neem (Azadirachta indica)

Based on the neem isolates (bitters, oil and cake), industry can developed following products:-

  1. Neem oil/bitters based pesticides
  2. Neem Coated Urea
  3. Neem Cold/Vanishing/Shaving Creams
  4. Neem Face Pack
  5. Neem Soap
  6. Neem Mouthwash
  7. Neem Herbal Phenyl

SOURCE:

The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural products for Integrated pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes.

PRODUCTION:

The production of azadirachtin is carried out from the kernels of the neem seeds (Azadrachta indica). A number of other plants for e.g. Melia azadrachta (Meeta Neem) also yields the crude insecticidal. It grows in the areas with sufficient rainfall (800-1200 mm per year), neem can regenerate naturally from the seeds upto 15-20 days of their ripening and detachment from the plants.

TARGET PEST:

Bollworms, Aphids, Jassids, Thrips, Whitefly, Leaf folder, Pod borer, Fruit borer, Leaf hopper, Diamond backmoth.

TARGET CROPS:

Cotton, Rice, Pigeonpea, Chickpea, Safflower, Okra, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato.

BIOLOGIACAL ACTIVITY:

Mode of action:

Act as repellant and anti-feedant.  Neem seed contains certain chemicals (azadirachtin, sulpher, toluene and fatty acids) which inhibits the population of insect pests.

Efficacy :

When artificial reproduction is intended, fresh neem seeds should be planted during the rainy season as soon as possible ripening, as they lose their germination capacity under natural conditions with a few weeks, or at the latest 3-4 months.

COMMERCIALIZATION:

Formulation:

Trade Name Formulation
ACHOOK 0.5% Azadiradione, Nimbocinol and Epinimbocinol
APHIDIN Soapy humus extract
AZA 0.15% Azadirachtin
AZADIT 0.3% Azadirachtin
BIOSOL Oil
BIONEEM 0.03% Azadirachtin
BIOPEST 0.15% Azadirachtin
ECONEEM 0.3% Azadirachtin
FIELD MARSHAL 0.3% EC Azadirachtin
FORTUNA AZA 0.15% Azadirachtin
JAI NEEM 0.03% Azadirachtin
JAWAN 0.03% Azadirachtin
JEEVAN CROP PROTECTOR 0.05% Azadirachtin
JUERKEN 0.03% Azadirachtin
LIMONOOL 75% EC (0.03%) Azadirachtin
MARGOCIDECK 20% EC(Azadirachtin 0.15% w/w)
Margosan-o 80% EC Azadirachtin
NEEMARK 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEMAZAL-F 5% Azadirachtin
NEEMGOLD 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEEM GUARD 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEM RICH 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEMOLIN 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEEMPOURN 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEEMOSAN 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEMOX 80% EC Azadirachtin
NEEMTA 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEETHRIN Oil 0.03% Azadirachtin
NIMBA Wettable Powder 0.15% Azadirachtin
NIMBECIDINE 0.03% Azadirachtin
NIMBOSOL 0.15% Azadirachtin
NIMBASAL 0.15% Azadirachtin
NIMLIN 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEM BASE 20%EC 20 WDP Azadirachtin
NEEM HIT 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEEM OIL 0.03% EC Azadirachtin
NEEM PLUS 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEEM TOP 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEMOL 0.03% Azadirachtin
NIM-76 0.05% Azadirachtin
NEEM OIL 2% Azadirachtin
NEEMAX Seed Powder 300 ppm (Azadirachtin)
NEEMOCIDE 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEMACTINE 0.15% Azadirachtin
NEEMBO BAS 0.03% Azadirachtin
NEEMBO BAS 0.15% Azadirachtin
NIMBITOR (ZA-199) 0.03% Azadirachtin
PHYTOWIN 0.03% Azadirachtin
RAKSHAK 0.15% Azadirachtin
REPLIN 555 93% EC Azadirachtin
RD-9 REPELIN 100% EC Azadirachtin, Pongamia, Anona
SHAKTIMAN 0.03% Azadirachtin, Nimbim
SUKRINA 0.03% Azadirachtin, Meliontrial
SWATICURE 0.03% Azadirachtin
SUNEEM 0.03% Azadirachtin
TRIC Oil, 0.03% Azadirachtin
VAPACIDE 0.03% Azadirachtin
WELLGRO 0.03% Azadirachtin

APPLICATION:

Neem seed contains certain chemicals which inhibit germination if used in excess, hence it is recommended to use correct dose. In case of home made/crude preparations it is advisable to use freshly prepared 5% aqueous solution (NSKE) as spray on affected/target portions.

PRODUCT SPECIFICATION:

Storage conditions:

When artificial reproduction is intended, fresh neem seeds should be planted during the rainy season as soon as possible ripening, as they lose their germination capacity under natural conditions with a few weeks, or at the latest 3-4 months. When kept in a refrigerator, their viability lasts for several months longer, and when stores in a cold room (4oc, 30% r.h.), after careful drying, longer than 5 years.

INDIAN LITERATURE:

  • S.S. Narwal, Patric, Tauro and S.S. Bisla in Neem in Sustainable Agriculture, pp. 8, 1997, Scientific Publishers
  • .I. Joarder, A.T.M. Naderuzzaman, R. Islam, M. Hossain, N. Joarder and B.K. Biswas. 1996. Micropropagation of Neem through
  • Axillary Bad Culture. In: Neem and Environment Vol. II. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 961-966.
  • M.S. Joashi and S.R. Thengane. 1996. Potential Application of in vitro methods for propogation of neem (Azadirachta indica). In:
  • Neem and Environment Vol. II. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 967-973.
  • Narayan G. Hedge, 1996. Improving the productivity of neem trees. In: Neem and Environment Vol. I. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 69-79).
  • Ramesh, K. and M.A. Padhya, 1987. Prospects of tissue culture studies on neem. Neem Newsletter 4:5-27;
  • K. Ramesh and M.A. Padhya. 1996. De novo synthesis of secondary metabolities in cultured cells of neem. In: Neem and
  • Environment Vol. I. (Eds. R.P. Singh, M.S. Chari, A.K. Raheja and W. Kraus). Proceeding published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., pp. 173-184).

Source

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